Live Healthy

 

At risk for Type 2 diabetes?

Read more about the signs and treatments.

Ali Rizvi, MD
Ali Rizvi, MD
Professor
Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism<

There is an epidemic of Type 2 diabetes and obesity sweeping our nation and the globe. One of the reasons this disease is so dangerous is that it can go undiagnosed for many years. The more commonly known symptoms that may or may not be present are increased thirst, frequent urination, and blurred vision. Some individuals can feel general fatigue and tiredness that goes unnoticed or is blamed on stress, getting older, etc.

You should be checked for diabetes if you have risk factors like being overweight, a family history of the disease, a sedentary lifestyle, and previous diagnosis of pre-diabetes, gestational diabetes, or delivery of a large baby.

Proper treatment involves learning about diabetes from a team of professionals, self-monitoring of blood glucose, and long-term lifestyle changes of diet modification, weight loss, and regular physical activity. There are several classes of medications, including pills, insulin injections, or a combination of various medications supervised by a physician. Control of blood pressure and cholesterol and quitting smoking are all extremely important.